this is used primarily for the broadcast channels of the countries
of the Northern and Central and Eastern European region,
Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, and
After the agreement signed between SES and Milano Teleport,
in 2009, the service of local,
regional and ethnic channels arrived in Italy,
from this orbital position, to provide capacity for Italian broadcasters.
And also network TV channels (DTH), Digitaal Channel
TV VLAANDEREN (Belgium, Flanders), CS Link (Slovakia and Czech
Republic), Skyline (Slovakia and Czech Republic) and BG Satellite (Bulgaria),
broadcasting from this position.
More than 390 TV and radio channels are broadcast from Astra
23.5°E to nearly 2.5 million homes in Europe.
And in January 2011, Astra announced that Bulgarian
satellite DTH operator BG would use three transmitters on the Astra 3B at
To broadcast a package of more than 60 standard channels and
12 HD channels,
including sports, movies, reality and children's TV.
In addition to all the main Bulgarian public and commercial
services for TV homes throughout Bulgaria.
Astra 23.5°E has been the home of Euro1080, Europe's first
full-time commercial HDTV broadcaster since 1 January 2004.
Even the channels were moved to Eutelsat W3A (7° East) in
The Astra 23.5°E site was also the home of Astra Connect
a two-way satellite broadband service that provides high-speed
Internet access and triple play capabilities to consumers in Europe.
Broadcasting and access
As of December 2019, Astra satellites broadcast at 23.5°E,
on 64 transmitters (4 Ka-band and 60 Ku-band), to 37.5 million households (10.3
million over cable, 24.4 million over IPTV and 29 million direct to dishes). Home
The DFS-Kopernikus 1 and DFS-Kopernikus 3 satellites first
occupied the orbital position 23.5° East, launched in June 1989 and October
In order to provide channel feed to German cable addresses
for the Deutsche Bundespost (later, Deutsche Telekom).
DFS-Kopernikus 1 was first positioned at 23.5°E and then
moved to 33.5°E with the launch of DFS-Kopernikus 3.
With the DFS-Kopernikus 3 nearing the end of its life, an
agreement was reached with Deutsche Telekom for the use of SES location and
In August 2001, the Astra 1D was moved to 23.5° East to
provide follow-up capacity for the DFS-Kopernikus F3 pending the launch of the
Then the Astra 3A was launched in March 2002 to open the
Astra 23.5°E site, and Deutsche Telekom contracted 10 transponders.
And that's with all traffic on the old DFS-Kopernikus
diverted to the Astra 3A.
The Astra 1E was then launched from 19.2°E, with the Astra
1L built at the Astra 19.2°E site in July 2007.
It moved to Astra 23.5°E to replace the Astra 1D, which was
nearing the end of its design life.
Astra 23.5° East
Following the launch of the Astra 1M to the Astra 19.2°E
site in November 2008, the Astra 1G was moved from 19.2°E to Astra 23.5°E in
February 2009 to provide additional capacity.
A new satellite, Astra 3B, was originally scheduled to
launch at Astra 23.5°E in the first quarter of 2010.
To replace all capacity currently in this orbital location,
but its launch was delayed.
The Astra 3B was then finally launched successfully on 21
May 2010, entering commercial service in June, after being tested in orbit,
when the Astra 1E and Astra 1G were launched from service.
In July 2010, the Astra 1G was moved from Astra 23.5°E to
Astra 31.5°E. The Astra 1E remained in this position slightly longer with no
transponders in use.
But in August 2010 it was moved west to the Astra 5°E to
provide a backup for the Astra 4A, this version awaiting the launch of the
Astra 4B to that location in 2011.
The Thor 2 satellite then moved to 23.5° East in an inclined
orbit. In April 2011, Thor 2 was originally launched to 0.8° West on May 21,
But it retired from DTH service in 2008, and then was leased
from Telenor owners by SES-Astra in 2008.
It initially moved to the orbital position 5° east, and then
in 2011, Thor 2 had only two active transponders.
Both carry the channel RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg, and then in January
2013, Thor 2 exited orbit into the cemetery's orbit.
On February 1, 2012, Kabel Deutschland discontinued its
Astra 23.5°E distribution site, and switched over to its terrestrial fiber
Astra 1D then departed 23.5°E in June 2013, moving east (although
it remained listed on the SES site at this position), reaching 52.2°E as of
June 30, 2013.
Then Astra 3A moved to 177 degrees West, in November 2013,
to provide a backup for SES' SES-9 satellite.
Astra capture method 23.5° east
The satellite is captured at 23.5 degrees east, starting
with the Arabsat satellite Badr 26, and then moving the dish to the right by 3
cm, from the back.
And that is with the introduction of the strongest frequency
to capture the moon,
then raise and lower the dish very slowly, and when the
signal is caught, we search for the approximately 250 channels.
Astra receives 23.5 degrees east with a dish of 1 meter in
size in the Maghreb,
and it can be received with a dish of one meter or more in
Egypt and the Arab Gulf countries.
It detects about 4 or 5 cm away from the Astra 19 moon,
direction of the kiblah.
Astra satellite features 23.5°E
1. All channels work in high definition HD
2. Most of the channels are broken on many servers (Ssycam,
Orca, Forever, Nashir, Deshare, Gshare and others).
Broadcast rights on Astra 23.5°E
1. UEFA Champions League
2. European League
3. The English Premier League
4. La Liga
5. Serie A
6. German Bundesliga
7. French League
8. Dutch League
9. Belgian League
10. England Cup
11. Spain Cup
12. German Cup
Most important Astra satellite packages 23.5°E
The Astra 23 East satellite is characterized by many
as it includes more than 500 various channels ranging
International channels, such as: National Geographic, Animal
Planet, fishing channels and other entertainment channels
The most important packages available on Astra 23 East: